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Presidents Report 



MIAMI UNIVERSITY 

JUNE, I898 



TO THE HONORABLE, 

The President and Trustees of Miami University in Ses- 
sion at Oxford, Ohio, June 7, 1898* 

Gentlemen: — I have the honor herewith to submit my 
seventh annual report of the condition of Miami University: 

JOHN REILY KNOX. 

First of all it is my painful duty to recognize the loss of this 
institution in the death of the honored and beloved alumnus and 
trustee, Hon. John Reily Knox. Mr. Knox was a graduate in 
the class of 1839. From 1869 he served continuously as a 
trustee until his death, which occurred at his home in Greenville, 
Ohio, on February 7, 1898. His genial, sunny spirit won for him 
the admiration and love of all who knew him. His devotion to 
Miami w r as constant. He loved the institution and found great 
pleasure in her service. I hope that this Board will put on record 
a suitable expression of its appreciation of his character and 
services. 

THE FACULTY. 

During the year the work of the Faculty has proceeded 
without serious interruption, other than the usual interference 
from an occasional day's illness or unforeseen circumstances 
against which no provision was possible. 

During the year two members have had leave of absence. 
Prof. A. L. Treadwell has spent the year in research work in the 
University of Chicago, and has been able to accomplish some 
valuable results. He has been appointed as a summer instructor 
in the Marine Biological Laboratory at Wood's Holl, a recognition 
very gratifying to all his friends and to the University. During 
his absence the work has been carried by Mr. Frank L,. Rainey 
in a most acceptable manner. Mr. Rainey is a graduate of Purdue 



University. After graduation he was engaged in high school 
work and later was, for two years, a graduate student in the 
University of Chicago, his special work being in Bacteriology. 
During the year he has established himself in the confidence of 
the members of the Faculty, and I am glad to testify to his 
efficient services and to the very cordial relations that have been 
maintained throughout the year. 

Prof. W. B. Langsdorf has also been absent for the year, 
owing to the condition of his mother's health. He has now re- 
turned and will resume his duties at the opening of the next 
year. The work in Latin has, for the year, been carried by Mr. 
Alfred H. Upham, of the class of 1897. The appointment of Mr. 
Upham was due to the excellence of his scholarship, our con- 
fidence in his character and the promise of teaching ability of a 
high order. These expectations have been realized in Mr. 
Upham. He has shown ability to teach, to maintain discipline 
and has done the work with great credit to himself. 

The only other matter that needs attention in this topic is 
the election of a professor to the chair of French. In my last 
report reference was made to the subject and the following action 
was taken by the Board : 

"The Committee agrees with the President that it is ex- 
tremly important that such a department separate from that of 
German should be established and that the President of the 
University is authorized in the next annual catalogue to an- 
nounce the same, to begin at the opening of the University in 
the fall of 1898, and that he recommend to this Board at its next 
annual meeting a suitable person to fill the position." 

A large correspondence has been carried on during the year. 

I have had personal interviews with a number of men. The 

matter has come in my mind to be a choice between four or five 

of the most prominent candidates. I have the credentials of these 

tlemen, but for personal reasons ask to be excused from 

makii ommendation to the Board. I shall be glad to pre- 

Lentials to the Board, or a committee with a statement 

merits of the men. In case of new appointments 

pnetlt that they should be made for a period of three 

or fr. they become permanent. One year is hardly 

obation. 

to add that there is a difference of opinion 



among the members of the Board and also among the members 
of the Faculty as to the advisability of appointing a professor of 
French. There are those who are in favor of increasing the 
existing salaries, while others would favor making additions in 
other departments. Inasmuch as the general question is discussed 
elsewhere in this report, I do no more at present than call atten- 
tion to the diversity of opinion. 

STUDENTS. 
The roll for the current year has been 138. This is an 
increase of 16 over the roll of last year, and is the largest enroll- 
ment since the reopening in 1885. In view of the experience of 
other colleges this is from the standpoint of numbers a matter of 
encouragement. A number of other colleges in the central west 
have not equalled the roll of other years. The year has seen the 
most serious break in health during my administration. In 
March at one of the boarding places the use of the impure water 
of a cistern caused a number of cases of sickness, some of which 
developed into fevers. All the students, however, have been able 
to complete the year in as good condition as could have been 
expected. The call for volunteers has aroused the spirit of the 
students — a few have left and more are ready. The state of 
discipline has been good. A few cases of a serious nature have 
arisen, but have been dealt with in such a way as to leave a 
wholesome effect. The prospects for next year, so far as can be 
determined, are good. If we add to the number whose intention 
is now to return the average enrollment of new students for the 
past five years, we shall equal and exceed the roll of the present 
year. This is a conservative estimate and ought to indicate an 
increase of students for next year. The greatest problem in atten- 
dance is found in the lack of a purpose to pursue a full collegiate 
course and the quality of students thereby enrolling. The 
students who graduate usually attend five or six years. But most 
students enrolling come with no purpose of taking a degree. 
They desire to pursue particular lines of study as a preparation 
for the study of law or medicine or an introduction to a business 
life. Some of these students are doing the only thing they can 
do. Necessity controls. To such students no legitimate objection 
can be urged. But in many other cases an irregular course is 
taken either from incompetency or unwillingness to conform to 



the requirements of a college curriculum. Into this list you 
gather nearly all the worthless and troublesome students of col- 
lege. Fortunately one or at most two years will be found the limit 
of their attendance. Miami has for three years now been stand- 
ing steadily against this irregularity and has been holding stead- 
fastly to the catalogue statement that no student will be enrolled 
in the college department except upon two conditions — first, that 
he be an avowed candidate for a degree, and second, that he shall 
have completed in full all preparatory work. These principles 
have kept a large number of students on the irregular list. If 
we enrolled men with conditions as some colleges do our 
"college" list would be nearly doubled. In our catalogue we 
have emphasized to the utmost a student's irregularities. This 
condition has grown out of the fact that but few students enroll 
who are fitted for any class, much less for the Freshman class. A 
comparative study of college catalogues will reveal the fact that 
Miami is not worse in this regard than other colleges. The 
problem is essentially the same, but most colleges offer a variety 
of courses with unequal requirements for entrance, so that a 
student can enter some one of the courses. The result is that the 
lighter courses are most liberally patronized. Three years ago 
our Faculty adopted the present rule and cut our college roll to 
32 students. It reached 42 in the present year. Next year we 
shall show another increase and reach the number of 50 students 
without a condition. It has been slow but steady, and will in 
the end put us on solid ground, provided we can solve the 
problem of fitting students for entrance to the Freshman year. 

THE PREPARATORY DEPARTMENT. 
These statements lead to the consideration of what I regard 
as the most vital problem before us — viz.: the preparatory depart- 
ment. Here is where, in my judgment, Miami has been and 
now is weakest. The object of a preparatory department should 
to fit students for entrance to the Freshman class. Our 
I tv lias been both too much and too little like a high 
oL In (nie sense it has been a parallel to a high school 
of the advantages of supervision and direction. 
ther band, students coming into our preparatory classes 
With preparation from many of our country and village 

rri Lth same irregularities up into their col- 



<\ 



lege course. The preparatory department has simply taught 
them in classes. It has not fitted them for college by removing 
their irregularities and preparing them for a regular and steady 
progress through the four years of college life. This has, in my 
judgment, been a distinct loss both to the student and to the 
institution. We can not accomplish the desired results by a 
change in the principal or a teacher or two. It involves a change 
in the purpose, method and management of the entire depart- 
ment. My opinion is tnat suitable rooms should be provided, one 
of the dormitories fitted up as a home for preparatory students 
and the preparatory teaching force arranged with a view of fitting 
men for college. Inasmuch as few of the high schools and none 
of the village or country schools in the district from which 
Miami will continue to draw her patronage do now prepare for 
entrance to college or have any prospect of doing so, it seems to 
me important that we meet the conditions as they are without 
much regard to the current talk that the preparatory school is a 
thing of the past. 

TKE COURSES OF STUDY, 

The burning questions in educational gatherings for the past 
five years have been those of entrance requirements and the con- 
tents of the curriculum. At the recent meeting of the North 
Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools held in 
Chicago two important actions were taken. The first approved 
the plan of the continuous study of English throughout the four 
years of the high school and the first two years of college as re- 
quired work. The second approved the plan of admitting to 
Freshman "any student who has completed a good four years' 
high school course, no matter what grouping of studies may 
have constituted his course." 

This, it will be observed, is a pretty radical measure, but it 
marks a distinct tendency in the state universities throughout 
the northwest. President Eliot has announced that Harvard is 
committed to this principle and will put it into operation. (See 
report for i896- , 97, page 93 et. sq.) These actions all go to show 
that in the near future there will be a lack of uniformity in en- 
trance requirements, and therefore a lack of uniformity in college 
courses. It has seemed to me that some changes in our courses 
could be made to advantage. I should favor a change that would 



make all courses in the college department three hour courses 
and so arrange them that every professor would be prepared to 
give as a minimum twelve hours work. This would accomplish 
even-thing now accomplished and at the same time give greater 
flexibility to the curriculum. This arrangement would increase 
the opportunity for electives in the upper years and at the same 
time improve the quality of the work by emphasizing the power 
of choice. The question as to what courses should be offered is 
not to be overlooked. I recognize the limitations of a small 
Faculty and would not sacrifice thoroughness to breadth. The 
question involves a study of conditions. I venture to suggest that 
in some departments elective work might cover the same territory 
as the preparatory course with a view of preparing men to teach 
these subjects. This would meet the demand of students who 
are preparing to teach and would enable us to apply in a practical 
way the principles of a sound pedagogy. For example, why 
should not a Junior in college study with profit an elective course 
in Cicero and Vergil with a view to his preparation for teaching 
it? This would involve a different problem from that before the 
teacher preparing a bo}' for college. If successfully carried out 
it would greatly improve the teaching of Latin in our secondary 
schools and result in benefit to the college teacher by furnishing 
him a better class of students. There are other subjects that 
illustrate these principles quite as well. If put into practice they 
would, in my judgment, do much to remove the odium that is 
justly attached to the present methods of teaching pedagogy and 
would also bring the colleges into a closer and more helpful 
relation to the schools that are their constant source of suppty. 

Then, too, we have the question of the purpose of the insti- 
tution. Should a college like Miami draw a distinct line between 
college and university work and insist upon it? A professor, in 
following what is agreeable to himself may disturb the unity of 
the curriculum. This danger is always present in the elective 

:n. Shall certain departments become semi-technical schools 

or professional schools? The tendency in many colleges is to 

>me a mere school, and not a very good one at that. A 

e should have and seek to maintain a college character that 

dominates in every department. 

'ild he the last to recommend any revolution at Miami, 



but in my judgment the time is ripe for a careful study of our 
curriculum. This should be done by the Board through a com- 
mittee, or perhaps better through a joint committee of Trustees 
and Faculty, with a view of adapting the course of study to the 
progress of modern education. 

THE LIBRARY. 
The general condition of the library will be reported upon 
by the librarian. I deem it my duty to call the attention to the 
manner of expending the money appropriated. At the last 
meeting of the Board it became apparent that there was some 
dissatisfaction with the w T ay the money was spent. Accordingly 
the Faculty has made a change in its recommendation. This 
recommendation is, however, unsatisfactory to the Faculty and 
may be equally so to the Board. The plan for some years has 
been to set aside a definite portion for the purchase of periodicals, 
for binding, for the purchase of old and rare books, for inciden- 
tals and to allot an equal amount to each of the departments rep- 
resented in the college Faculty. We understood the Board to 
object to this equal distribution on the ground that the special 
interests of the library were sacrificed to the more general 
interests. It seemed to be the opinion of the Board that too 
many technical books were bought. The Faculty had tried at 
times a general fund, but found it unsatisfactory. Professors felt 
that in the purchases from the general fund discriminations were 
made against certain departments. Other members of the Faculty 
believe strongly in the value of technical books as making the 
department strong. The purpose of the library is believed to be 
chiefly and primarily for the teacher and secondarily for the 
student. Under the plan of equal division the tendency w 7 as to 
buy books strictly within the department for which money was 
appropriated. The result was that for some departments not 
represented in our Faculty very few books were bought. Under 
such a plan valuable books not closely identified with a particular 
department could not receive a consideration. The Board has 
not presented any plan. It has only been generous in its appro- 
priation. The Faculty has not come to any agreement further 
than offer an unsatisfactory report as a basis for discussion by the 
Board. We are not in a quarrel as to the library, but we are in a 
perplexity. If the Board can solve the problem we shall gladly 



apply to it the statement of the psalmist : " I have more under- 
standing than all my teachers." 

ATHLETICS. 

During the past year the general condition of athletics has 
been satisfactory. The whole matter is in the hands of a Board 
of Control consisting of three members of the Faculty, three 
students elected by their associates, and the Physical Director. 
This Board like all other college organizations is under the 
general supervision of the Faculty. 

So far the Athletic Association has paid all its bills and is 
free of debt. This is rather more than many colleges can accom- 
plish. The interference with work is often an annoyance but 
not serious except in cases of students who would without the 
presence of athletics be the cause of annoyance. The work in 
the gymnasium has been required for two hours a week of all 
students unless excused by the Faculty. The work so far has 
been an experiment and there are not sufficient data upon which 
to make any recommendations for a permanent policy. There 
is a feeling among the students which I share that it was a mis- 
take to make the gymnasium privileges free. Another year we 
may be able to bring in a definite report on the subject. 

THE CAMPUS. 

Last year fifty trees were planted and about four-fifths of 
them lived. This year fifty more have been planted. These 
trees were chiefly elm, ash, maple and a few smaller trees of an 
ornamental character. In addition to this the young walnut 
trees springing up over the campus have been preserved. I 
have had some cement sidewalk laid as a start in this direction. 
The aim has been to keep in mind possible buildings in the 
future and the natural beauty of the grounds. 

THE SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY. 

Two years ago I referred to this matter in my report. The 

University was opened as a college in 1824. The anniversary 

would therefore come in 1899. Hon. Whitelaw Reid, I V L,. D., of the 

>f 1856 lias consented to deliver the commencement address 

are to have a suitable celebration, a com- 

should be appointed and given power to 

bat it would be appropriate to have some histori- 

8 



cal addresses and that some of them should be of such character 
as to warrant their publication. There are alumni now living 
who could furnish data that will not be accessible after their 
death. Much of this would be of interest and of value. 

I have reason to believe that we can secure accommodation 
for our guests at the colleges for women provided we arrange 
our anniversary for the week immediately following their com- 
mencements. The reasons for such a recognition of our history 
I need not present. I trust the matter will have careful con- 
sideration. 

THE ]. P. WIDNEY GIFT. 

During the year the Greek Department has been the recipi- 
ent of a very handsome donation at the hands of James P. Wid- 
ney, M. D., L, L. D., a student in 1861-62. The gift was a draft 
for one hundred dollars payable to the treasurer of Miami Uni- 
versity with a letter of instructions that the money be expended 
for books and illustrative material for the Greek department. 
Accordingly Dr. Ebeling and myself have proceeded to expend 
the money. A detailed report will be furnished by Dr. Ebeling. 
In accordance with our custom it will be necessary for the Board 
to put an item of $100 in the appropriation ordinance to cover the 
amount of this gift. I suggest also that it would be appropriate 
for the Board to make a suitable recognition of Dr. Widney's 
generosity. 

COMMENCEMENT ARRANGEMENTS. 

By rule of the Board Commencement occurs on the third 
Thursday of June. Upon my recommendation last year the 
time was changed for this year as an experiment. The reasons 
suggesting the change were that the commencements of the two 
colleges for women occurring a week earlier made some con- 
fusion and it was thought a trial for one year might furnish evi- 
dence for a permanent policy. There may be serious objections 
in the mind of the Board against such a change. For next year 
my judgment is that we ought to return to the former date in 
view of the anniversary exercises and the necessity of arranging 
for the entertainment of our guests. 

Another matter of importance is the programme for Com- 
mencement Day. The Board has not made any appropriation 
for the expense Mr. Herron and myself have acted as a com- 

9 



mittee of arrangements and occasionally I have had to ask for 
an appropriation sufficient to pay the expenses of a speaker. It 
has been our aim so far as possible to secure alumni or former 
students appealing to their loyalty as the chief motive for the 
service There has been a desire on the part of some to have 
men professionally in the business of making addresses. Such 
men usually charge from $75 to $100 and the committee has not 
felt warranted in the expenditure. Others desire that alumni 
and students be selected. This matter becomes of some impor- 
tance in view of the fact that the students desire to be excused 
from speaking at Commencement, and that it is becoming quite 
the fashion to make the Commencement simply an occasion to 
hear some man of reputation. For this year the Faculty voted 
to grant the request of the Senior class to be excused from speak- 
ing. This was done as an experiment. We recognized the pre- 
cedent as, perhaps, against the opinion of some of the members of 
the Board. But the question comes up each year and the Faculty 
felt that the general policy should be agreed upon by the Board. 
I hope therefore that the Board will consider the question of 
Commencement arrangements for the future and outline a policy 
to be pursued. 

SUNDRY ITEMS. 

The committee appointed to confer with the Board of Educa- 
cation of Oxford has nothing to report further than that nothing 
has been accomplished. The Board through its committee ex- 
pressed to your committee its unwillingness to adopt any plan 
looking to the union of the Oxford High School with our Pre- 
paratory department and the whole matter was then dropped. 
In the matter of the South Salem Academy nothing has been 
done owing to doubt as to our ability to offer any substantial aid. 

There is nothing of importance to report concerning the 
Literary Societies. The work has been a little better than in 

■r years and during the winter term the interest well sus- 
tained. The department of elocution has maintained its work 
throughout the year with good results in the men who have 
taken the instruction. The fact that the work is entirely op- 
tional makes the numbers small. The work done by Prof. Chap- 
in m is entirely satisfactory and should be continued. 



DEGREES. 

The Faculty has voted, by and with the consent of the Board 
of Trustees, to confer the following degrees. We ask your con- 
sideration and co-operation. 

The degree of Bachelor of Arts upon the following members 
of the class of 1898: 

Emory Leroy Ferris, Jr., Hillsboro. 
John Dempsey Garrett, Bell. 
Joseph Ardel Goshorn, Shandon. 
Archibald Edmund Layman, Piqua. 
Henry Sylvester Leonard, Liberty, Ind. 
Horace Norton Shofstall, Decatur. 
The degree of Bachelor of Science upon the following mem- 
bers of the class of 1898: 

Paul DeWitt Hale, Oxford. 
Chester Merrill Poor, Jr., Glendale. 
The degree of Master of Arts in view of the equivalent of a 
year's collegiate work and the presentation of an approved thesis: 

Mr. Gilbert Alexis Morris, Marion, Ind. 
Bachelor of Arts Miami University 1895. 

Mr. Alfred Horatio Upham, Eaton, Ohio. 

Bachelor of Arts Miami University, 1897. 

The honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity upon 
Rev. David Rowan Colmery, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Bachelor of Arts, Miami University, 1854. 

Rev. John Fulton Patterson, Orange, N. J. 

Bachelor of Arts, Mt. Union College, 1878. 

Rev. James Samuel Todd, Areata, Cal. 

Bachelor of Arts, Miami Universty, 1864. 

IMPROVEMENTS* 

Two years ago the legislature of Ohio passed an act providing 
for the Ohio and Miami University fund. Miami's share from 
this fund was for the first year $21,419.49. This made an increase 
over our receipts under the plan of annual appropriations. The 
grand duplicate is increasing a little from year to year. We may 
safely estimate our income as follows: 

From the levy $21,500 

From the ground rents 6,000 

From interest on investment 3, 800 

From incidental and other fees ; i>7oo 

Total $33,ooo 

11 



In my judgment the annual income will exceed the amount 
a little and is liable to a small increase from year to year. Our 
expenditures may be estimated as based upon the total appropri- 
ations for the past five years for ordinary running expenses. 
These totals are as follows: for 1894, $25,338.76; for 1895, 
$24,169.38; for 1896, $24,944.36; for 1897, $24,541.48; for 1898, 
$26,383.64. In addition to the above appropriations, the amount 
appropriated for the gymnasium was $24/081.72. For the past 
five years the average annual appropriation for current expenses 
has been $25,075.53. We have therefore an excess of income 
annually amounting to nearly $8,000. It is safe to say $7,500. 
The practical question before the Board is the wise expenditure 
of this money. It has been given to be expended, not to be 
hoarded. It ought to be expended in such ways as will best 
minister to the stability and healthful growth of the institution. 
From such considerations as have been presented to my mind it 
is my judgment that the Board ought to adopt a policy that looks 
beyond the needs of any one year and provide as wisely as pos- 
sible for the future. In view of these considerations, I ven- 
ture to suggest to you in this report some desirable improve- 
ments as a basis for any action the Board may desire to take. 

1. First of all there is the question of increasing the num- 
ber of men in the Faculty. The Board has already taken 
action concerning the department of French,. We need a pro- 

>r of History, a professor of Chemistry, and in my judgment, 
something ought to be done in the interest of Pedagogy. 

Then there is the question of salaries. There is a feeling 
that the salaries paid by the Board are insufficient. I feel that this 
is not true in the case of the President. That salary ought not to 
be increased. But it is desirable that professor's salaries should 
})<■ increased and kept at the highest point consistent with the 
BbanFa revenues. I have not considered this question as coming 
within my jurisdiction, but I may be permitted to say that I am 
aware of the difference of opinion on this subject and mention 
it here because I think it should have a consideration in any 
policy the Board adopts. 

2. The change in the policy of the preparatory department. 
Elsewhere in this report reference is made to this question. I 
may no« add that changes in this department are relatively more 



important than in the college department. We should be pre- 
pared to meet conditions as they are, and that involves some 
machinery that will prepare students for four years of college 
work. Nearly every year reveals the necessity of a teacher for 
special classes. Our teachers are now fully occupied. These 
preparatory teachers are more difficult to secure than college 
teachers, and their work is not less important. 

The third suggestion is in the line of an annual lectureship. 
The isolation of our Faculty, the absence of any environment that 
is intellectual or stimulating, and such influences as came from a 
considerable population, all unite to render such a stimulus as 
would be afforded by a first class lecture course highly desirable. 
The plan would be to bring to the university each year a man of 
superior attainments in some department of college instruction 
who would deliver a series of five or six lectures in his depart- 
ment. The aim would be to benefit directly the Faculty and 
students. It would not be an effort to secure a series of popular 
lectures. We should expect representative men from the best 
colleges in the country and provide for the attendance of both 
the Faculty and students. A few hundred dollars each year 
would make this an attractive and valuable part of our work. 

4. Another line of improvements is in the material equip- 
ment of the institution. In a few years this main building 
ought to be completed with a wing on the east and thoroughly 
overhauled and made a modern building. It is neither well 
lighted, well heated or well arranged. The improvements in the 
modern school buildings have left us inferior to many High 
School buildings in the country. It is not a wholesome effect 
upon a young man's mind to leave a comfortable building at 
home to find his higher education in less attractive surroundings. 

The need of a library building has been dwelt upon hereto- 
fore and need now only be mentioned. That should be built be- 
fore any changes are made in the main building. The crowded 
condition of Brice Hall and the need of enlarged accommodation 
make, the argument for another science building very clear. 
The money Mr. Brice put in the science building has earned a 
very large dividend each year. Another such a building would 
only serve to increase the efficiency of the first. More than one 
hundred of our students were at work in Brice Hall this year. 

13 



During the past year we have attempted some work in 
astronomy. Our equipment is good so far as it goes. An 
observatory large enough to accomodate the department of 
Mathematics, Mechanical Drawing and Astronomy would be a 
valuable addition. We are now much cramped for room in 
this work and have no rooms anywhere that would serve our 
purpose better. I have taken some pains to inquire into the 
cost of such a provision and find it not so extravagant as might at 
first be expected, 

One other item I now mention last — that of heating. The 
Board last June instructed a commtittee to investigate this ques- 
tion and report. Some conference has been held without ex- 
pense to the Board with a competent engineer. We have pro- 
ceeded upon the plan of a central steam heating plant with a 
power house sufficient in capacity to provide for both light and 
heat for such buildings as we now have and others in contem- 
plation. It is proposed to build an engine house at a point about 
150 feet south of the main building 40x60 feet in dimen- 
sions. This building would contain the plant for heating, an 
electric plant to be installed at some future time and rooms for 
experimental purposes of the scientific department. From the 
power house pipes will be run to each of the buildings to be 
heated; these pipes to be laid in brick trenches, so arranged as to 
lead from building to building, to make the amount of trenching 
required a minimum. 

The buildings now heated by steam would not be connect- 
ed at once so that the present boilers may be held as a reserve or 
be removed as determined later. The buildings not now pre- 
pared are to be equipped with suitable radiators and connections. 
The estimates are based upon a plant suitable for the entire 
group of buildings and the addition of library and Science Hall 
with present provision for the main building and the two dormi- 
tories. The cost is estimated at $8000. The cost to install at 
once a plant for the five buildings as they now are would be 
about $12000. 

The advantages of such a plant would be two-fold. It would 
enable us to put modern conveniences in the dormitories. These 
buildings would then be in demand and produce in rent a 
revenue that would be far in excess of what we now receive. 



They would constitute an attractive feature to people who are 
looking for a college with good accommodations. The second 
advantage lies in the fact that our lighting service could be at- 
tached to our science work and prove of immense advantage 
there. From the standpoint of the the university we need to do 
something that will make our buildings both warm and clean. 
With the present system we have abundance of dirt and a lack of 
heat. 

In concluding this part of the report let me say that I do 
not regard all of the improvements suggested as possible, although 
they are highly desirable. The improvement of the material 
equipment is so fundamental that I do not see how we can have 
a proper appreciation of the future of Miami without giving it a 
careful consideration. 

The college hoping to hold its constituency in future must 
meet three requirements. It must have a first-class material 
equipment, an efficient and well-classified teaching force and a 
willingness to meet the needs of a growing civilization. In sug- 
gesting the improvements above I have attempted to set forth the 
needs with such detail that the Board may have the basis on 
which to formulate a permanent policy. 

APPROPRIATIONS* 

Appropriations, June, 1897, were as follows: 

Title. Amount. Unexpended Balance 

Salaries $*7,95o 00 

Treasurer 300 00 

Secretary 300 00 

Trustees expenses 20000 Overdraft, $. 68 90 

Care of Grounds 1,000 00 236 25 

Repairs of Buildings 750 00 Overdraft, 76 64 

Janitor Service 600 00 

Department of Biology 160 00 

Department of Physics and Chemistry 600 00 

Department of Mathematics 250 00 210 11 

Other Departments 50 00 14 40 

Expenses of the President 100 00 30 55 

Printing and Advertising 75000 Overdraft, 61 

Commencement Expenses 150 00 3 50 

Coal 600 00 69 04 

Electric Light 300 00 49 03 

Insurance on Gymnasium 140 00 

Apparatus for Gymnasium 300 00 32 10 

Painting Roof 32 50 

Expenses of Treasurer 17 14 

Library 1,000 00 

Physical director 600 00 

Balance due J. W. Marquardt 114 00 

Taxes 120 00 Overdraft, 14 

Total Appropriation #26,383 64 $644 98 

Less overdrafts as above 146 29 

Net balances unexpended 49$ 69 

Total amount expended $25,884 95 

15 



In addition to the above the Board provided for the pay- 
ment of such sum to complete the sewer as should be 
approved by the building committee. Under this order the 
committee expended $458.60. Add to this the amount expended 
prior to June 1897 $469.45 and we have the total cost of the 
sewer to date $928.05. It may be stated here that so far the 
filtration plan has worked very satisfactorily. 

By an oversight last June no appropriation was made for in- 
cidentals. From this account we pay for all our postage, station- 
ery and miscellaneous items. After advising with the president 
of the Board concerning the omission I proceeded as usual with 
this account. The amount expended for the year under the 
title of Incidentals and not reported above is $469.94. It will be 
necessary for the Board to approve this expenditure. The 
vouchers are on file with the secretary. 

APPROPRIATIONS FOR NEXT YEAR. 

The department of Mathematics did not use the money ap- 
propriated for the current year because of certain plans looking 
beyond the present needs. Under the rules of the Board all unex- 
pended balances revert to the treasury. I recommend therefore 
that special consideration be given this department in the new 
appropriations. The department of Biology has expended the 
money appropriated. In a letter from Prof. Treadwell his 
suggestions would call for an appropriation of $400 with the 
privilege of continuing the work at Wood's Holl as heretofore. 
He asks an assistant as heretofore. 

In the department of Physics and Chemistry Prof. Snyder 
asks for an appropriation of $650, and for an assistant the 
amount of $100. I recommend that both these requests be given 
careful and favorable consideration. In this connection I call 
attention to the custom of appropriating a certain amount and 
the fees of the department. It has also been customary to have 
the fees for breakage given to the department. This last item 
has not passed through the treasury. 

I recommend therefore that in the future all department 
appropriations be for a definite sum and that fees of all kinds be 
paid into the treasury. 

16 



The following topics are suggested for appropriations : 

i. Salaries of Professors. 

2. Salary for Instructor in Elocution. 

3. Salary for Physical Director. 

4. Salary for Tutor in Preparatory Department. 

5. Department of Biology and Geology. 

6. Department of Physics and Chemistry. 

7. Department of Mathematics. 

8. Expenses of Trustees. 

9. Salary of Treasurer. 

10. Salary of Secretary of the Board. 

1 1 . The President's expenses. 

12. Repairs of Buildings. 

13. Care of Grounds. 

14. Janitor Service. 

15. Printing and advertising. 

16. Coal. 

17. Light. 

18. The Library. 

19. Incidentals. 

20. Commencement expenses. 

21. Any improvements ordered. 

With grateful recognition of the goodness of Almighty God, 
upon whom we are dependent for all progress and prosperity, and 
with full appreciation of the uniform courtesy and consideration 
of this Board of Trustees, this report is respectfully submitted. 

I have the honor, gentlemen, to be, with great respect. 

Your obedient servant, 



WILLIAM OXLEY THOMPSON. 



Junk 7, 1898. 



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